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Architecture of Portugal

The architecture of Portugal is a unique combination of antiquity and modernity. It reflects the history, culture and heritage of the country. Traveling in Portugal, you can enjoy the variety of architectural styles and the beauty of its buildings, which create a unique atmosphere in every city and region.

Here are some key features and styles specific to Portuguese architecture:

The architecture of Portugal is a unique blend of different styles and influences, reflecting the rich history and cultural heritage of the country. 

1. Romanesque: Portugal has many Romanesque temples and castles built between the 11th and 13th centuries. Such structures are distinguished by massive walls, small windows, arches and the use of stone.

2. Gothic Style: Gothic architecture came to Portugal in the 14th century and flourished in the 15th and 16th centuries. Characteristic features of the Gothic style are high columns, vaulted ceilings, narrow windows with a variety of Gothic details.

3. Manueline style: This is a Portuguese variant of the late Gothic style that developed in the 15th and 16th centuries. It features exquisite patterns and decorative elements such as nautical symbols, floral designs and sculptural details. The famous Jeronimos Monastery in Lisbon is a fine example of Manueline architecture.

4. Renaissance: In the 16th century, Renaissance influences became visible in Portuguese architecture. Symmetrical palaces and residences, colonnades, fountains and gardens appeared. The National Palace of Sintra, built in the 16th century, is one of the most important Renaissance buildings.

5. Baroque: Baroque architecture became popular in the 17th and 18th centuries and is characterized by an abundance of detail, mounds, decorations, and colorful façades. The Brazilian Baroque strongly influenced the architecture of Portugal, especially in the cities of Minas Gerais and Ouro Preto.

6. Neoclassicism and Romanticism: In the 19th century, during the era of neoclassicism and romanticism, the architecture of Portugal began to reflect a more restrained and classical style. Buildings took on simple forms, often with colonnades, gables and arches. Many public buildings, bridges and squares were built in this style, especially in the capital Lisbon and other major cities.

7. Modern architecture: In the 20th century, Portugal began to represent a variety of architectural styles, including modernism, functionalism and postmodernism. One of the most famous contemporary architectural structures in Portugal is the Belem Cultural Center in Lisbon, designed by the architect Manuel de Luz.

8. Modern research and experimentation: In recent years, Portugal has become the center of modern research and experimentation in architecture. Innovative buildings, including museums, concert halls and office complexes, are popping up in various cities around the country, combining modern technology and sustainable architectural solutions.

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